Phosphorus and Nitrogen fertilization of soybean in the Nigerian Savanna


Soybean (Glycine max) is a major cash crop in the savannas of Nigeria, although productivity is typically constrained by poor soil fertility. The objective of this research was to determine the interactive effect of N and P on soybean productivity in the northern Guinea and Sudan savannas of northeast Nigeria. Experiments were conducted using locally adapted early and late maturing cultivars. Two rates of N and three rates of P fertilizer were also compared at both sites over two years. At both sites, pods plant−1 and seed yield were higher in 2006 than in 2007, possibly due to better rainfall distribution in 2006. Nitrogen fertilizer had no significant effect on seed yield or pods plant−1. The application of P fertilizer increased pods plant−1 by 40–66%. Averaged across site and year, seed yield with no P was 1,057.2 kg ha−1 while yield with 20 and 40 kg ha−1 P were 1,941.0 kg ha−1 and 2,371.5 kg ha−1, respectively. No significant interaction effect between N and P fertilizer on seed yield and pods plant−1 was observed. The late maturing cultivar yielded less than the earlier maturity group cultivar in 2007 likely due to moisture stress. For optimum seed yield, 40 kg of P fertilizer ha−1 is recommended for soybean production in both locations. Our results suggest that N fertilizer is not critical for soybean production in this area.

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Publication: Experimental Agriculture, Volume 48, Issue 1
Number of pages: 9
File type: PDF

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